In countries where RIA is synonymous to legislative process the principle “One-in, one-out” is a symbol of entirely new culture of regulation where each authorized body should always ask itself the question “if this new rule is really to be adopted, which shall be the rule to be abrogated then?”
The notion “One-in, one-out” has its roots in the understanding that the legal regulation in contemporary democratic societies has reached to its upper limits and the adoption of new rules to business and citizens today is like an overflowing cup in which there is no space for even one mere drop.
Therefore when things end to the design of new legislation, especially when it would affect business, even before starting to develop the proposal the major question must be considered: “What from the existing regulations will be removed”.
The “One-in, One-out” concept is used as a fundamental approach in the process of “simplification” of legislation.
More about “One-in, One-out”
The present notion for “Simplification” of legislation is related to:
– deregulation – removal of old legal regimes;
– consolidation – gathering and summarization of several legal acts or legal norms in one common act which is easier and cheaper to implement and
– rationalization – replacement of vertical regulation (when having rules only for a separate sector) with horizontal (when there are rules valid for all persons), removal of overlap of legal regimes, lack of integrity and missing consistency between separate legal norms and acts.
In Great Britain an IN is a measure that imposes direct economic net costs to the business due to the fact that a new legislative measure has to be observed and an OUT is a measure which is a direct net benefit/income for the business due to the removal or revision of the current legal frame.
The „One-in, One-out” mainstream is fully adopted by the British Government from the autumn of 2010 requiring that every ministry:
– must make an assessment of the net costs which the business will make to comply with any new proposals for regulation – IN;
– must find the adequate deregulation measure which to exempt the business from the reciprocal amount of net costs – OUT.
From the beginning of 2011 each 6 months the British Government announces an official report named „One-in, One-out: Statement of New Regulation” which presents all proposals for regulation that have entered or are up to entering into force under the initiative of each ministry for the half-year period.
The main focus of the report is internal legislation but during the last Word Economic Forum the British Prime minister announced the launch of a campaign that aims to encourage adoption of the rule “One-in, One-out” with regard to proposals for new European norms as well.
The basic target aimed with the adoption of the rule “One-in, One-out” is to make ministries seriously think before proposing new legal regulations and rather make them refocus to non-regulative measures for achieving their strategic goals. The intentions of the British Government are every following report to contain zero or negative net costs for the business related to complying with national legislation. So far this objective has been entirely achieved through the application of the rule „One-in, One-out”.